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Ghost Role
A Ghost Role is a role in the group that is not directly spoken for but whose effects are nonetheless felt in the group atmosphere and can be seen in the behavior of group members who react to the Ghost Role. Ghost Roles can be viewed as non-local, impersonal, self-organizing tendencies of groups or organization, which, when not taken into account, will originally manifest as atmospheric disturbances and later as consensus reality problems.  Ghost Roles are referred to in conversation but are not represented directly because of a group identity that is against the Ghost Role’s particular viewpoint or behavior. Bringing a voice to the Ghost Role allows for interaction with it, which can be relieving to the field. But most important, it makes the information, that the Ghost Role contains available to the whole system.

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